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Physico chemistry of solids, thin films, biotechnologies
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Ag Nanowire Networks

Investigation of the physical properties of silver nanowire networks for transparent electrodes and transparent heaters:
  • understanding the relationship between silver nanowire morphology & network density and the physical properties (electrical, optical, thermal…),
  • investigating the effects of post-treatment such as thermal annealing on electrical properties,
  • models of physical properties,
  • integration of silver nanowire networks into devices.

  • Dr. J.-P. Simonato, CEA-Liten, Grenoble (France)
  • Prof. N.D. Nguyen (Liège, Belgium)
  • Prof. Y. Bréchet, Grenoble INP (France)


Silver nanowire (AgNW) networks can exhibit very good electrical, thermal and optical properties, especially after thermal annealing. We have recently shown (Langley, Nanoscale 2014) the effects of a thermal annealing which allows: i) the formation of efficient percolating pathways; and ii) the local sintering at junctions between nanowires leading to a low electrical resistance.
Above a certain annealing temperature Rayleigh instability does occur thus destroying the percolative nature of AgNW networks.

Such networks can also efficiently act as transparent heaters.
A comprehensive model has been developed for describing the physics of such nanostructured transparent heaters (Sorel et al., ACS 2014).



FunSurf Research topics

a) Evolution of the electrical resistance of a AgNW network during a continuous thermal ramp; b-e) SEM images of: (b) as-deposited sample and of specimen annealed for 10 minutes at different temperatures: (c) 200°C, first occurrence of observable sintering; (d) 300 °C all junctions are sintered; (e) 380 °C complete spheroidization of the network. The scale bars in images b), c) and d) are 1 µm whereas that of image e) is 4 µm. (Ref: D.P. Langley et al. Nanoscale, to be published)

Main publications

Afzal Khan, Viet Huong Nguyen, David Muñoz-Rojas, Sara Aghazadehchors, Carmen Jiménez, Ngoc Duy Nguyen, and Daniel Bellet
Stability enhancement of silver nanowire networks with conformal ZnO coatings deposited by atmospheric pressure spatial atomic layer depositionACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2018,10 (22), 9208–1921​​​​​​​

Thomas Sannicolo, Nicolas Charvin, Lionel Flandin*, Silas Kraus, Dorina T. Papanastasiou, Caroline Celle, Jean-Pierre Simonato*, David Muñoz-Rojas, Carmen Jiménez, Daniel Bellet
Electrical Mapping of Silver Nanowire Networks: A Versatile Tool for Imaging Network Homogeneity and Degradation Dynamics during Failure. ACS Nano, 2018 12 (5), 4648–4659​​​​​​​

M. Lagrange, T. Sannicolo, D. Muñoz-Rojas, B. Guillo Lohan, A. Khan, M. Anikin, C. Jiménez, F. Bruckert, Y. Bréchet, D. Bellet
Understanding the mechanisms leading to failure in metallic nanowire-based transparent heaters, and solution for stability enhancement. Nanotechnology 28 (5) 055709 (2017)

T. Sannicolo, M. Lagrange, A. Cabos, C. Celle, J.P. Simonato, D. Bellet.
Metallic Nanowire-Based Transparent Electrodes for Next Generation Flexible Devices: a Review. Small 12  (44) 6052–6075  (2016)

D. P. Langley, M. Lagrange, G. Giusti, C. Jimenez, Y. Bréchet, N.D. Nguyen, D. Bellet,
 Metallic Nanowire Networks: Effects of Thermal Annealing on Electrical Resistance,Nanoscale, 6 (22) 13535-13543 (2014).

S. Sorel, D. Bellet, J.N. Coleman,
The relationship between material properties and transparent heater performance for both bulk-like and percolative networks, ACS Nano 8 (2014) 4805

D.P. Langley, G. Giusti, M. Lagrange, R. Collins, C. Jimenez, Y. Bréchet, D. Bellet,
Silver nanowire networks: physical properties and potential integration in solar cells, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, 125 (2014) 318-324.

D.P. Langley, G. Giusti, C. Mayousse, C. Celle, D. Bellet, J.-P. SIimonato
Flexible transparent conductive materials based on silver nanowire networks: a review, Nanotechnology 24 (2013) 452001055709.

Date of update May 13, 2019

  • Tutelle CNRS
  • Tutelle Grenoble INP
Univ. Grenoble Alpes